Combating Corruption in Peru

MSI is implementing the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Anticorruption Threshold Program in Peru.

The MCC Anticorruption Threshold Program is helping the Government of Peru (GOP) combat public corruption by improving administrative systems and procedures, strengthening enforcement, and increasing public awareness about corruption. The ambitious, multi-faceted activities are being funded by MCC and administered by USAID.

In its first two years, over 1,800 media and civil society representatives, as well as judges, government officials and lawyers have taken part in trainings on the mechanisms available for citizens to combat corruption. Dissemination campaigns were also implemented in coordination with these workshops to promote the Judiciary’s anticorruption initiatives among the general public and inform citizens about the positive role they can play in fighting corruption.

The program is developed around a framework based on the existence of three “drivers” of corruption:

Lack of awareness about the problem;
Weak enforcement due to inefficient controls, investigation and sanction mechanisms; and
Opportunities that exist for corruption due to inefficient government processes and limited access to information.

Using this framework, four public offices selected by the government participate: the Judiciary, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Office of the Comptroller General and the Ombudsman Office. Complementary activities have been added with the National Council of Magistrates and the Prosecutor General’s Office.

The program is helping Peru to combat corruption by improving internal controls within the Judiciary as well as the police force, while improving transparency of police procedures. It is also helping to strengthen the capacity of offices in the Public Ministry to investigate acts of corruption and supporting efforts by the National Council of Magistrates to strengthen the disciplinary and selection processes for judges.

Program staff also focuses on simplifying administrative procedures to reduce opportunities for corruption in citizen/government interactions. Finally, the program works to increase public awareness about corruption and the government’s anti-corruption efforts; and increase the capacity of citizens to use public information to effectively assess and monitor the government’s transparency and accountability.

In addition to trainings, the program also launched multiple national campaigns with its partners and counterparts, including one with the police, to promote citizen awareness of the protocols for police intervention in traffic and alcohol infractions.

Recently, two of the GOP counterparts worked together to report, investigate, and arrest a local official for attempting to bribe a staff member who had taken part in the Program’s “Public Ethics and the Prevention of Corruption” course and reported the incident to the local Ombudsman Office.

The project aims to promote the message that MCC and USAID are contributing to the government’s efforts to combat corruption by strengthening institutional capabilities for transparency and accountability.

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